The “Aidification” of National Experiences: Swedish-Supported Correspondence Education in Tanzania, ca 1960–1975

  • Nikolas Glover Department of Economic History, Uppsala University, Sweden
Keywords: correspondence education, development aid, Tanzania, lending, borrowing


This article deals with the foundational juncture in a 60-year long (and counting) relationship between Swedish and Tanzanian adult educators. It analyses how Swedish correspondence education methods and objectives were adapted as they entered the emerging field of foreign aid. Two educational institutions in Tanzania, in which Swedish funds and personnel played a central role are studied: the Nordic-funded Co-operative Educational Centre in Moshi founded in 1964, and the Swedish-funded National Correspondence Institute in Dar es Salaam (1971–). The analysis shows how international NGOs and individual policy entrepreneurs created the initial arenas for policy transfer. It emphasises how the ideal of creating an equal partnership affected the policies that were being lent and borrowed. The article argues that the concept of aidification can be used to capture the ways in which transnational policy areas such as education were transformed in the wake of decolonisation.

Author Biography

Nikolas Glover, Department of Economic History, Uppsala University, Sweden