The Development of Craft Education in Finnish Schools

  • Päivi Marjanen Humak University of Applied Sciences, Finland
  • Mika Metsärinne Department of Teacher Education, University of Turku, Finland
Keywords: craft, craft education, pedagogy, society, school history

Abstract

The purpose of this article is to examine the major changes Finnish school craft has undergone and explain these changes by using societal, pedagogical and subject-driven determinants. The main sources of this research include committee reports and national curricula. Research data was classified into five periods: craft for home well-being (1866–1911), craft for civic society (1912–1945), craft for independent hard-working citizens (1946–1969), toward equality craft (1970–1993), and unlimited craft (1994–2014). The analysis show that school craft has steadily followed students’, society’s and the subject’s different needs during these periods.

Author Biographies

Päivi Marjanen, Humak University of Applied Sciences, Finland

PhD, Director of Education

Mika Metsärinne, Department of Teacher Education, University of Turku, Finland

Adjunct Professor

Published
2019-03-11
Section
Articles