The Mandatory Handshake in Danish Naturalisation Procedures: A Critical Race Studies Perspective
Keywords:racism, racialization, discrimination, Islamophobia, citizenship
This article examines the recent introduction of a mandatory handshake in Danish naturalisation procedures from the perspectives of ‘racism’ and ‘race discrimination’. Drawing upon Critical Race Theory, it employs a discursive, deconstructive and contextual analysis to uncover the racist underpinnings and effects of the handshake requirement. The article is divided into two main parts. Part I demonstrates why the handshake requirement needs to be understood as racism. The analysis focuses on three aspects of the handshake requirement: 1) the ‘racializing narratives’ drawn upon in the legislative process; 2) the motivations behind the legislation; and 3) the ways in which the handshake requirement manifests as racism in society. Part II assesses the relevance of this finding from the perspective of anti-discrimination law. It examines the discriminatory nature of the handshake, before discussing some of the shortcomings of current international and European law in relation to race discrimination. The article closes by discussing the importance of developing a more ‘race-aware’ approach to the law in European legal scholarship.
NJOLAS is an open access journal, which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles featured in the journal without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. This is in accordance with definition of open access as formulated by the Budapest Open Access Initiative (BOAI).
All authors who publish in this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant NJOLAS the right of first publication. The work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which allows others to share and distribute the work as long as it is attributed to the author and its initial publication in NJOLAS is acknowledged.
- Authors are encouraged to distribute the work themselves with information on its initial publication in NJOLAS, e.g. upload it to open repositories linked to their personal website or institutional affiliation.